AskDefine | Define rod

Dictionary Definition

rod

Noun

1 a linear measure of 16.5 feet [syn: perch, pole]
2 a long thin implement made of metal or wood
3 any rod-shaped bacterium
4 a square rod of land [syn: perch, pole]
5 visual receptor cell sensitive to dim light [syn: rod cell, retinal rod]
6 a gangster's pistol [syn: gat]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

rodd, Norse rudda

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. A straight, round stick, shaft or bar.
    The circus strong man proved his strength by bending an iron rod, and then straightening it again.
  2. In the context of "fishing": A long slender pole used for angling; fishing rod.
    When I realized that I had hooked a snake and not a fish, I got so scared I dropped my rod in the water.
  3. A stick, switch or rather a bundle of switches or twigs, such as a birch, used for lashing someone, especially as a corporal punishment, often metonymically called the rod, even extended regardless of the actual implement.
    The judge imposed a sentence of fifteen strokes with the rod for the thief.
  4. A stick used to measure length; a measuring rod.
    I fashioned a rod to measure the length of rope to cut by filing a notch at the proper yardage.
  5. A unit of length. Equal to a pole, a perch, ¼ chain or 5½ yards.
  6. A unit of area equal to a square rod, 30¼ square yards or 1/160 acre.
    The house had a small yard of about six rods in size.
  7. A straight bar that connects moving parts of a machine; a connecting rod.
    The engine threw a rod, and then went to pieces before our eyes, springs and coils shooting in all directions.
  8. In the context of "anatomy": Rod-shaped cells in the eye that are sensitive to light.
    The rod cells are more sensitive than the cones, but do not discern color.
  9. In the context of "biology": Any of a number of long, slender microorganisms.
    He applied a gram positive stain, looking for rods indicative of Listeria.
  10. In the context of "chemistry": A stirring rod: a glass rod, typically about 6 inches to 1 foot long and 1/8 to 1/4 inch in diameter that can be used to stir liquids in flasks or beakers.
  11. A pistol; a gun.
  12. A penis; the male rod.
  13. Short for hot rod, a car modified to run faster, especially one based on a pre-1940s model.

Translations

straight round stick, shaft, or bar
  • Danish: stang
  • Ewe: ati
  • German: Stange
  • Greek: ραβδί (ravdí)
  • Hebrew: מוט, מקל
  • Japanese: 棒
  • Portuguese: taco, bastão
  • Russian: штанга, палка, стержень
  • Serbian: palica, šipka
  • Spanish: barra
  • Swedish: stång
fishing rod or pole
stick or bundle used for punishment
stick to measure length
connector, part of a machine
part of the retina of the eye
microbiology: rod shaped microorganism
unit of linear measure
unit of area measure

Bosnian

Noun

rod s
  1. gender
  2. genus
  3. relative, relation
  4. fruit, crop, extraction (rarely used in these senses)
  5. family, stock, lineage

Breton

Noun

rod

Croatian

Noun

rod s
  1. gender
  2. genus
  3. relative, relation
  4. fruit, crop, extraction (rarely used in these senses)
  5. family, stock, lineage

Czech

Danish

Etymology 1

From the verb rode

Noun

rod

Etymology 2

From old Norse rót

Noun

rod

Old English

Etymology

From Germanic *roda-. Cognate with Old Frisian rōd, Old Saxon rōda (Dutch roede ‘rod’), Old High German ruota (German Rute), Old Norse róða ‘rod, cross’ (Danish rode ‘gauge, rod’).

Pronunciation

IPA: /ro:d/

Noun

rōd (p rōda or rōde)
  1. a cross used as a method of execution
  2. the Cross on which Jesus suffered
  3. a crucifix
  4. a measure of land length, equal to a perch
  5. a measure of land area, equal to a quarter of an acre

Related terms

Romanian

Etymology

From a language.

Noun

rod f and m

Serbian

Noun

rod s
  1. gender
  2. genus
  3. relative, relation
  4. fruit, crop, extraction (rarely used in these senses)
  5. family, stock, lineage

Cyrillic spelling

Extensive Definition

Rod may mean:
Rod may also be:

People with the given name Rod

Often as an abbreviation of such names as Roderick and Rodney:

People with the surname Rod

See also

rod in Czech: Rod
rod in Danish: Rod
rod in German: Rod
rod in Spanish: Rod
rod in Esperanto: ROD
rod in Croatian: Rod
rod in Italian: ROD
rod in Japanese: ロッド
rod in Polish: Rod
rod in Simple English: Rod
rod in Serbo-Croatian: Rod
rod in Vietnamese: Rod

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Maypole, atomic pile, automatic, bar, baton, billet, birch, blowgun, blowpipe, breeder reactor, bricks, caduceus, cane, cap of dignity, cap of maintenance, castigation, chain of office, chain reactor, chain-reacting pile, chastisement, club, coronet, correction, crook, crosier, cross-staff, crown, diadem, discipline, ermine, fasces, fast pile, ferule, firearm, flagstaff, flamethrower, furnace, gat, gavel, great seal, gun, handgun, heater, heterogeneous reactor, homogeneous reactor, ingot, intermediate pile, lattice, mace, mantle, musket, neutron factory, nuclear furnace, orb, paddle, pandybat, peashooter, piece, pile, pistol, plutonium reactor, pole, portfolio, power reactor, power-breeder reactor, privy seal, province, punition, purple, purple pall, radioactive waste, rattan, reactor, reactor pile, regalia, repeater, revolver, rifle, robe of state, rod of empire, rod of office, rods, royal crown, ruler, sawed-off shotgun, scape, scepter, seal, shaft, shooting iron, shotgun, signet, six-gun, six-shooter, slab, slow pile, staff, stalk, stellarator, stem, stick, strip, switch, tiara, tongue, totem pole, triple plume, truncheon, uraeus, uranium reactor, wand, wand of office
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